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Reshmi Pushpan et al / Int. J. Res. Ayurveda Pharm. 8 (3), 2017
Review Article
www.ijrap.net
A REVIEW ON VISHAHARA DRAVYAS (ALEXETERICS) OF DHANVANTARI NIGHANTU
Reshmi Pushpan 1*, Smitha Jain 2, Anitha MG 3, Nishteswar K 4
1
Associate Professor, Agada Tantra Department, SDM Institute of Ayurveda & Hospital, Bengaluru, India
2
Assistant Professor, Agada Tantra Department, SDM Institute of Ayurveda & Hospital, Bengaluru, India
3
Professor, Agada Tantra Department, SDM Institute of Ayurveda & Hospital, Bengaluru, India
4
Professor, Dravyaguna Department, Shri Bhanwarlal Dugar Ayurvedic College, Rajasthan, India
Received on: 10/04/17 Accepted on: 09/06/17
*Corresponding author
E-mail: [email protected]
DOI: 10.7897/2277-4343.083137
ABSTRACT
As per WHO report 80% of the world population is dependent on traditional medicines for primary health care. Envenoming is an important public
health hazard in countries like India as access to anti venoms are yet to be streamlined in rural parts where the occurrence of such hazards are
common. Medicinal plants, animal products, metals and minerals have always been the sources of medicine in India through various systems of
medicine including Ayurveda. Dhanvantari nighantu is the oldest nighantu on drugs dealing with synonyms, properties and activity of drugs available
at present. This paper is an attempt to focus on the information recorded in Dhanvantari nighantu on vishahara dravya.
Keywords: Ayurveda, vishahara, Dhanvantari Nighantu, medicinal plants, anti venom.
INTRODUCTION
Medicinal herbs are the local heritage with global importance.1
There is a growing demand for plant based medicines, health
products, pharmaceuticals, food supplements, cosmetics etc.
Various plants have been used against snake bite, in folk and
traditional medicine.2 The materia medica of Ayurveda
comprises of vegetable, animal, metals & minerals drugs.
Ayurveda identified that mind and body as the sites of
manifestation of diseases basing on the etiological factors of the
diseases and classified as exogenous and endogenous in origin.
Visha is considered as one of the external factors for the
causation of exogenous disease (Agantuja vyadhi). The subject
related to herbal medicine described in Ayurvedic classics is
drawing the attention of modern scientists for carrying out
research studies with a proper scientific validation. Nighantu
have been written to emphasize on the identification and
therapeutic properties of medicinal plants. Dhanvantari nighantu
is the oldest nighantu dealing with synonyms and properties of
drugs available at present.3 This text is believed to be composed
prior to 13th century AD.4 This review is an attempt to focus on
the information recorded in Dhanvantari nighantu on Vishahara
dravyas. Drugs from Dhanvantari Nighantu5, 6 were screened for
the action Vishahara. Obtained data is presented as per
vishahara action with respect to herbal, mineral and animal
origin drugs which belong to different vargas (chapter wise
classification). The botanical names of the plants were updated
according to the plantlist (www.plantlist.org).
Table 1: Vishahara plants (Alexeterics) of Guduchyadi varga- Plant
Drug name
Kanda guduchi
Ativisha
Manjishta
Jala mustam (Saivala)
Haridra
Patha
Ajasringi
Prishniparni visesha
Kashmarya
Madhuyashti
Katukaalaambu
Jeemutaka
Vandhyakarkotaki
Dhamargava
Koshataki
Dravanti
Nilini
Snuhi ksheera
Swarnaksheeri
Ankola
Raktapamarga
Rasna
Ashwagandha
Botanical source
Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle
Rubia cordifolia L.
Cyperus esculentus L.
Curcuma longa L.
Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Gymnema sylvestre R. Br.
Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC.
Gmelina arborea L.
Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.
Luffa echinata Roxb.
Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd.
Luffa cylindrica M. Roemer.
Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.
Croton tiglium L.
Indigofera tinctoria L.
Euphorbia neriifolia L.
Euphorbia thomsoniana Boiss.
Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin
Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume
Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) C.B.Clarke
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal